CALIFORNIA STATE SOCIAL STUDIES STANDARDS
5.2 Students trace the routes of early explorers and describe the early explorations
of the Americas.
1. Describe the entrepreneurial characteristics of early explorers (e.g.,
Christopher Columbus, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado) and the technological developments that made
sea exploration by latitude and longitude possible (e.g., compass, sextant, astrolabe, seaworthy ships, chronometers, gunpowder).
Explain the aims, obstacles, and accomplishments
of the explorers, sponsors, and leaders of key European expeditions and the reasons Europeans chose to explore and colonize
the world (e.g., the Spanish Reconquista, the Protestant Reformation, the Counter Reformation).
Trace the routes of the major land explorers
of the United States, the distances traveled by explorers, and the Atlantic
trade routes that linked Africa, the West Indies, the British colonies, and Europe.
Locate on maps of North and South America
land claimed by Spain, France,
England, Portugal, the